The EU has stepped up its response to help those in need in Myanmar in the context of the recent military coup, with the allocation of an additional € 9 million in emergency humanitarian aid to assist those in need. more vulnerable. The critical strengthening of the EU response comes on top of a € 11.5 million funding envelope provided in early 2021, to support key humanitarian and disaster preparedness needs in the country, bringing humanitarian aid from the EU to Myanmar to a total of 20.5 million euros. in 2021 to date.
Crisis Management Commissioner Janez Lenarčič said: “The violent military junta that toppled Myanmar’s legitimate government has been ruthless in killing innocent civilians, in blatant violations of international humanitarian law that exacerbate the already humanitarian crisis. serious challenges faced by displaced and conflict-affected populations. .- The EU condemns the despicable acts of violence of the coup and at the same time reaffirms its commitment to continue to provide solid humanitarian support through its humanitarian partners directly to the most vulnerable populations, who are also faced with recurring natural risks which further increase their needs. In this crucial and urgent time, the EU is showing itself for the people of Myanmar by significantly stepping up its support for humanitarian aid. “
The funding will be used to meet urgent humanitarian needs in the areas of emergency health support, protection, food security and multisectoral emergency assistance. With this additional allocation, the EU is strengthening its response capacities in the conflict zones in which it is active, but also in urban areas, where indiscriminate violence has been used by the Burmese security forces. The additional funding will also provide humanitarian assistance to those fleeing fighting between ethnic armed groups and Myanmar’s armed forces, with funds allocated to address the growing regional implications of the crisis, including in Thailand. All EU humanitarian funding is provided in accordance with the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence, and is channeled directly through NGOs, UN agencies and the United Nations. Red Cross. The EU does not provide humanitarian aid funding to illegitimate military authorities.
The conflict in Myanmar is marred by widespread violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, resulting in substantial humanitarian needs. More than 336,000 people in Myanmar have been internally displaced, the vast majority of whom are in protracted displacement in Rakhine, Kachin, Kayin and Shan states, with limited access to basic services. An estimated 600,000 Rohingya remain in Rakhine State, of which around 126,000 are effectively confined to camps or camp-like facilities that were established in 2012, and therefore still cannot move freely. Restricted humanitarian access to several areas hampers the ability of international humanitarian organizations to deliver critical assistance to those in need. Recurring natural hazards also increase the vulnerability of people living in disaster-prone areas.
Since 1994, the EU has provided € 287 million in humanitarian aid to Myanmar, including € 19 million in 2020. The EU works with trusted and independent humanitarian partners to respond to the needs of protection, food, nutrition and health of the most vulnerable people, especially in Rakhine, Chin, Kachin and Shan states. Following the violence of August 2017, the EU stepped up its humanitarian assistance in the form of food, nutritional care, health care, water and sanitation, coordination and protection, including the mining education. Humanitarian needs are increasing in the aftermath of the February 1, 2021 coup, as security forces resort to indiscriminate violence against civilians and fighting escalates between ethnic armed groups and Myanmar’s armed forces.
The EU will closely monitor the humanitarian situation in Myanmar, in the light of recent developments, in order to further step up the humanitarian response, if necessary.
Myanmar fact sheet