Monthly report September 2022, Iran Human Rights Monitor


In September, Iran witnessed anti-regime protests following the death of Mahsa Amini in police custody. These protests have been active for 21 days.

Mahsa Amini was from Saqqez in Kurdistan, who accompanied her family on a trip to Tehran. The morality police arrested her on September 13, 2022, when she received blows to the head which caused her to fracture her skull. Mahsa fell into a coma following a cerebral hemorrhage. She died after three days in the hospital.

Mahsa Amini’s death sparked widespread protests and by sparking public fury, it fueled the spread of protests in 170 cities across Iran.

In Tehran alone, women, youth and the dissatisfied protested in 1,058 points. More than 100 universities across Iran have become the scene of student protests and rallies. In recent days, high school students have also joined nationwide protests. Traders and business owners in Kurdistan joined the protests from day one, leading to similar strikes in Tehran and other cities.

Although these protests began with the death of Mahsa Amini and against the brutal act of the morality patrols, the slogans chanted by the demonstrators quickly targeted the entire dictatorial regime. People chanted for the overthrow of the regime and called for the release of political prisoners. Overall, they wanted their basic right to freedom.

The Iranian regime has responded to all protests with brutal repression.

According to reliable sources, at least 400 people have been killed by state security forces and hundreds more have been injured during these protests. Prisons in Iran are full of detained protesters exceeding 20,000.

The identities of nearly 200 of those killed have been confirmed so far.

Massacre in Zahedan

On September 30, 2022, Zahedan witnessed a massacre.

As residents performed Friday prayers, gunshots could be heard. A crowd of young Baluchis had gathered outside the police station near the mosque, chanting against the murder of Mahsa Amini. They also expressed their anger over the rape and murder of a young Baloch girl by a police commander in their province.

State security forces and plainclothes agents opened fire on the population and worshipers with live ammunition. Tear gas was fired at women and men inside the mosque, killing one woman.

Worshipers inside the mosque had taken no part in the protest.

Armed plainclothes officers were posted on rooftops, shooting anyone who tried to return home. Most of the protesters were shot in the head and heart, proving the snipers were aiming. The death toll in Zahedan has exceeded 91.

Sharif University of Technology

On Sunday, October 2, 2022, Sharif University of Technology students gathered on campus to protest against the arrest of Sharif University students during nationwide protests. But state security and plainclothes agents surrounded Sharif University and opened fire on students trying to leave the university.

Officers also trapped students in the university parking lot and fired tear gas and metal pellets at them.

State media reported at least 60 students arrested in this incident at Sharif University of Technology.

The siege of Sharif University of Technology was broken down by a large number of citizens and students from other universities who gathered outside to demand that the security forces open the gates and release the students.

Execution

In September, 49 death sentences were carried out. Twenty-six, including a prisoner, were executed for murder. 19 were executed for drug-related charges and 4 others were accused of waging war on God.

Torture and cruel punishment

Two sentences of amputation were carried out in September.

Four fingers of 28-year-old Morteza Jalili, a prisoner accused of theft, was executed on September 5, 2022 at Evin Prison.

Also, four fingers of Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini were amputated on September 1, 2022 at Gohardasht prison in Karaj. His lawyer and family members were not informed.

Maziar Shah Bakhsh, a Baloch juvenile detainee, was reportedly transferred from Zahedan Correctional Center to the IRGC Intelligence Detention Center on August 30, 2022. He remained under torture and interrogation for a week to extract a false confession.

hunger strikes

Hunger strikes by political prisoners, including a woman, were recorded in September.

Imprisoned Iranian Civil Activist Behnam Mousivand was beaten and transferred from Evin prison to solitary confinement at Rajaiishahr prison in Karaj. He went on a 23-day hunger strike to protest his abrupt transfer. He refused sugar and salt and drank only water. When his family visited him, he was in a wheelchair.

Ebrahim Seddiq Hamedania 74-year-old political prisoner incarcerated in Marivan prison, started a hunger strike on Friday, September 2, 2022. He protested against the authorities’ false promise to transfer him and his son Salar Seddiq Hamedani to the prison from Urmia.

Friday, September 8, 2022, political prisoner Arjang Davoudi, 79, started a food and medicine strike. Arjang protested the pressure put on him and urged that he be moved to a safe ward. Due to his serious illness, he cannot stand the conditions of solitary confinement.

Hashem Moradi40-year-old political prisoner, started a hunger strike by sewing his lips together on September 13, 2022. He protests being deprived of his right to leave.

Retired teacher and political prisoner Zeinab Hamrang, 46, suffers from various illnesses. She was brutally beaten by 6 male and female prison guards on September 14, 2022, while protesting the violation of separation of crimes from prisoners. She was taken to quarantine in Evin prison, where she went on a hunger strike to protest against the brutal behavior of the authorities and the failure to respect the rules of separation of offences.

Detainees deprived of medical care

political prisoner Hamed Qareh Oghlaniwho suffers from epilepsy, was deprived of proper medical care at Urmia Central Prison.

Kurdish political prisoner in Naqadeh prison, Ismail Mohammadpour, suffers from heart disease. He was denied access to medical care and possible sick leave. He was also not allowed to be transferred to a medical center.

political prisoner Zohreh Sarvwhose infection caused by the coronavirus remains in her body, was returned to the women’s ward of Evin Prison without completing her treatment process.

Reza Shahabia well-known trade unionist, who suffers from neck pain and needs an MRI, remains in a state of uncertainty in his quarantine in Evin prison.

The young political prisoner Forough Taghipour detained in the women’s ward of Evin prison requires urgent medical attention. She needs to be seen by a specialist to undergo an operation for her digestive problem. With a deliberate delay in sending him to the hospital, his condition worsened. Prison officials refuse to send her to the hospital in a decent way, without her being chained.

Golareh Abbassi, a political prisoner in Evin, suffered a heart attack. On Tuesday, September 13, 2022, despite her physical condition, she was refused transfer to hospital because she refused to have irons.

Alireza Farshia Turkish (Azerbaijani) activist who was on sick leave from Tehran Central Prison, was transferred to Evin Prison before his treatment was completed.

During nationwide protests on September 20, 2022, phone calls to Evin Prison were cancelled. Detainees can no longer call their families, which is of great concern to them.

Suppression of religious minorities

In September, there were at least 17 cases of Baha’is arrested. 14 of those arrested had also been deprived of their rights to education. This statistic does not include Baha’i citizens who had been summoned by the state.

78-year-old Baha’i citizen Attaullah Zafar was first sent to the clinic at Evin Prison on Sunday, September 4, 2022, as his condition worsened. He was then taken to Taleghani Hospital in Tehran with his hands and feet shackled to the hospital bed.

Maliheh Nazari, a Christian convert, began serving her sentence in Evin prison. Another Christian citizen, Joseph Shahbazian, was arrested and transferred to Evin prison after reporting to the Evin prison prosecutor’s office.

Branch 26 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court had previously sentenced Ms. Nazari to 6 years in prison and Mr. Shahbazian to 10 years in prison with certain social exclusions.

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